High Cholesterol & Triglycerides
How are triglycerides different from cholesterol?
Triglycerides and cholesterol are both lipids, which are fatty molecules. Triglycerides, on the other hand, are fats, although cholesterol is not. The liver produces cholesterol, which is a waxy and odorless molecule. It is utilized to construct cell walls, aids the neurological system, and aids digestion and hormone production.
What is a high triglyceride level?
Hypertriglyceridemia (excess triglycerides) can be harmful to your health. Unlike excessive cholesterol, elevated triglycerides rarely induce symptoms. It is necessary to get a routine lipid blood tests to check cholesterol numbers.
What are the risk factors involved in high triglycerides?
Factors that may raise triglyceride levels include:
- Excessive alcohol use
- Family history of high cholesterol
- Liver disease or kidney disease
- Medications, including diuretics, hormones, corticosteroids and beta-blockers.
- Thyroid disease
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- A diet high in sugar and simple carbohydrates
How often one should get triglyceride tests?
With age, high triglyceride levels become more of a problem. Your healthcare professional may urge more frequent tests if the risk level grows.
Cholesterol tests may be required every four to six years in younger adults. You may require more regular tests if you have diabetes, a family history of high cholesterol, or other heart disease risk factors. Annual testing is required for men aged 45 to 55 and women aged 55 to 65.
How are high triglycerides treated?
People who are at a high risk of heart attacks, strokes, or other disorders may require triglyceride-lowering drugs.